Land Excision: Meaning, Risks, And Benefits (2023)


Land excision in real estate refers to the process of legally removing a portion of land from a larger piece of land. 

This usually happens when the government or private entities acquire land from individuals or communities for public or private use. 

Land excision can have both risks and benefits, depending on the circumstances.

What Is Land Excision?

Land excision is a term used to describe the process of taking a portion of land from its owners for public use. 

This process is also known as “compulsory land acquisition” or “eminent domain.” The practice of land excision has been used by governments and private entities for centuries. 

The reasons for land excision may vary from building public infrastructure, such as highways, airports, or public parks, to private development projects like shopping malls, industrial parks, or housing developments.

The process of land excision usually starts with a notice of intention from the government or the private entity that wants to acquire the land. 

The notice is typically sent to the landowner, and it outlines the proposed use of the land, the amount of compensation that will be offered, and the timeline for the process. 

The landowner has the right to negotiate the compensation offered or to contest the land excision in court.

One of the main concerns with land excision is the fair compensation of landowners. The value of land can be subjective, and what one party deems fair compensation may not be agreed upon by another party. 

Landowners are entitled to just compensation for their land, which is usually determined by an appraisal of the property’s fair market value. 

However, the process of determining fair market value can be complex, and landowners may need to hire their own appraiser to ensure they are being fairly compensated.

Another concern with land excision is the impact on communities and the environment. When land is taken away from private owners, it can disrupt communities and force people to relocate. 

Additionally, the development of new infrastructure or private projects can have environmental impacts, such as habitat destruction or increased pollution. 

Governments and private entities must carefully consider the potential impacts of land excision and take steps to mitigate their negative impacts on communities and the environment.

In summary,  land excision is a controversial practice that requires careful consideration and balancing of competing interests. 

While it can be necessary for public infrastructure and private development projects, it can also have significant impacts on landowners and the environment. 

Governments and private entities must ensure that fair compensation is offered to landowners and that the potential impacts on communities and the environment are carefully considered and mitigated.

What Exactly Is A Land Excision In Progress?


According to the previous definition of land excision, “excision in progress” just means that the land is being given to indigenous communities, families, or real estate development companies, or that it is being released, divided, or officially given to them.

In other words, the land is still subject to government acquisition until it is totally excised.

As a result, no title is vested in anyone by the government until an application for excision is authorized and granted.

It is vital to highlight that the government reserves the right to give all or a portion of the land requested by the indigenous owners or to reject the application entirely.

Land Excision Procedures


1. Excision on a property can be beneficial, but it is time-consuming and involves stringent procedures. They consist of:

2. Application for excision at your state’s land use allocation committee. Each state has its own committee. In this section, you must specify the cause for the excision, as well as the population and any other relevant information.

See also  What Is A Real Estate Mother Deed Document + 5 Major Facts

3. Additional review by any other committees established in your state, such as the technical committee, etc.

4. Submission of a perimeter survey to the general surveyor and examination of charting data

5. The technical committee conducts a site examination on the property to ensure that everything is in accordance with the excision application letter.

6. The technical committee ensures that the master plan is in accordance with the land use plan.

7. Based on their conclusions concerning the land, the technical committee is drafting a report for your state land use allocation committee.

8. The state land use allocation committee reviews the technical committee’s material, compiles a final report, and sends it to your state governor for approval or rejection.

9. Upon permission and reception by the state governor, the surveyor general is called and a survey of the land is conducted.

10. Local planners, families, and others concerned sketch a layout design plan on the property, which is then given to the State Ministry of Physical Planning and Economic Development.

11. Then proceed with the indemnification agreement Excision, in which the guarantees agree with the government to take the land in full. They also make unconditional settlements to existing land claims prior to the agreement.

12. The technical committee will publish the excision in your state’s official gazette.

13. Published in any official, widely circulated newspaper
Certificates of occupancy will be issued to the guarantees within 30 days after their publication in the press.

14. Final documentation, excision reports, and administrative files are received by the State’s land bureau office. The Registrar of Lands would then record excisions, surveys, maps, names, and gazettes into the Excised Lands Agency’s archives.

Benefits of Land Excision


Below are the various benefits of the excision of Land.

Infrastructural Development

Land excision is often necessary for the development of infrastructure such as roads, airports, hospitals, and schools.

Infrastructural development is one of the main benefits of land excision. When land is excised, it can be used for the construction of public infrastructure such as roads, highways, bridges, airports, and public parks. 

This development can bring significant benefits to communities, such as improved transportation, increased economic activity, and enhanced quality of life.

Infrastructure development can enhance transportation by improving connectivity between different areas. 

New roads, highways, and bridges can make it easier for people to travel to work, school, or other destinations. 

Improved transportation infrastructure can also make it easier for businesses to move goods and services, which can lead to increased economic activity.

Infrastructure development can also stimulate economic growth by creating new jobs and increasing property values. 

For example, the construction of a new airport can create jobs in the construction industry, and once the airport is operational, it can attract new businesses to the area. 

Similarly, the construction of a new highway or public park can increase property values in nearby areas, leading to increased investment and economic activity.

Finally, infrastructure development can enhance the quality of life for communities by providing new amenities and services.

For example, the construction of a new public park can provide a new space for people to enjoy outdoor activities and socialize with others.

The construction of new schools and hospitals can also provide important services to communities.

While land excision is a controversial practice, the benefits of infrastructure development cannot be ignored. 

When carefully planned and executed, infrastructure development can bring significant benefits to communities, including improved transportation, increased economic activity, and enhanced quality of life.

See also  Certificate Of Occupancy - Meaning, Uses & Benefits

Economic Development

Land excision can be an important factor in spurring economic growth by creating opportunities for businesses to establish and expand.

Economic development can be a potential benefit of land excision if the new owners use the land to create economic opportunities that benefit the local community.

Land excision can lead to economic development in several ways. For example, if the new owners use the land to establish businesses, such as farms, factories, or tourist attractions, they can create jobs and stimulate economic growth in the surrounding area. 

This can increase the income of local residents, reduce poverty, and improve the overall standard of living.

In addition, land excision can also increase the value of the land and improve the local tax base. This can provide more revenue for local governments to invest in infrastructure, education, and other public services that can further promote economic development.

However, it is important to note that land excision can also have negative consequences, particularly if it leads to the displacement of local communities or the destruction of natural resources. 

Therefore, it is important to carefully consider the potential benefits and costs of land excision before undertaking such a process and to ensure that the interests and well-being of all stakeholders are taken into account.

Public Services

Land excision can facilitate the provision of public services such as water, sanitation, and electricity.

Land excision can facilitate the provision of public services in several ways:

  • Creation of public land: Land excision can be used to create public land that can be used for the provision of public services such as schools, hospitals, and other social amenities. This will ensure that these services are easily accessible to the public and are located in convenient areas.
  • Increase in revenue: Land excision can provide a source of revenue for the government. The government can sell the excised land to private developers or investors who can then build infrastructure and facilities that will improve the provision of public services.
  • Planning and development: Land excision can be used as a tool for the planning and development of infrastructure and facilities. The government can use the excised land to plan and develop roads, bridges, water supply systems, and other public utilities that will improve the provision of public services.
  • Land use regulation: Land excision can be used to regulate land use and ensure that land is used for the provision of public services. This will prevent the development of unplanned settlements that lack basic amenities and services.

Revenue Generation

Land excision can generate revenue for the government through the sale or lease of the land.

Land excision refers to the process of dividing a large piece of land into smaller plots for individual ownership or development. 

This process can generate revenue for the government through the sale or lease of the land in several ways, including:

  • Direct sale of land: The government can sell the land directly to private individuals or companies who are interested in developing the land for residential or commercial purposes. The sale of the land can generate significant revenue for the government, especially if the land is located in an area with high demand.
  • Lease of land: The government can also lease the land to private individuals or companies for a specified period. The lessee can then develop the land and use it for their intended purpose, such as farming or industrial use. The lease of the land can generate regular revenue for the government, which can be used for various developmental projects.
  • Taxes and fees: The government can generate revenue from land excision by imposing taxes and fees on the sale or lease of the land. This can include stamp duties, land use charges, and other taxes and fees related to land transactions. These charges can add up to a significant amount, which can be used to fund various developmental projects.
  • Development of infrastructure: The development of infrastructure, such as roads, water supply, and electricity, can also generate revenue for the government. Private developers who purchase or lease the land will often be responsible for developing these infrastructures, which will generate revenue for the government through fees and charges.
See also  10 Important Property Document In Real Estate

In summary, land excision can be a lucrative way for the government to generate revenue. By selling or leasing the land and imposing taxes and fees on land transactions, the government can generate significant income that can be used for developmental projects and other initiatives.

Risks of Land Excision


Land excision, which involves the taking of land for various purposes, can have numerous negative impacts on affected communities, the environment, and the economy. 

Here are some of the potential risks associated with land excision:

Displacement of Communities: 

Land excision can lead to the forced displacement of communities, particularly those that rely on the land for their livelihoods. 

This can result in the loss of homes, crops, and other essential resources. Displaced communities may also face challenges in finding new sources of income and adapting to their new surroundings.

Environmental Degradation: 

Environmental degradation refers to the deterioration of the natural environment, including the air, water, and soil, as a result of human activities. 

It is a process where natural resources are depleted, ecosystems are damaged, and the biodiversity of the planet is reduced. 

Land excision can lead to the destruction of natural habitats and the loss of biodiversity. This can have negative impacts on ecosystems, wildlife, and the overall health of the planet. Additionally, land excision can contribute to climate change by increasing deforestation and carbon emissions.

Conflict and Resistance: 

Land excision can lead to conflict and resistance from affected communities, who may feel that their rights have been violated. 

This can result in protests, demonstrations, and even violent confrontations. Such conflicts can disrupt social and economic stability and may have long-lasting impacts on affected communities.

Inadequate Compensation: 

Inadequate compensation refers to a situation where an individual or group is not adequately remunerated for their work, services, or resources provided. 

This can occur in various settings, including the workplace, legal disputes, and government policies. 

Land excision can result in inadequate compensation for affected communities, which can exacerbate the negative impacts of the excision. 

This can include insufficient compensation for land and property, loss of income, and other associated costs. This can result in financial hardship and worsen the social and economic impacts of the excision.

In summary, land excision poses significant risks to affected communities, the environment, and the economy. 

It is important to consider these risks carefully and take steps to mitigate them, including ensuring that affected communities are adequately compensated and that the environmental impacts of the excision are minimized.


In conclusion, land excision is a complex issue that requires careful consideration of its potential risks and benefits. 

While it can lead to important development and economic benefits, it can also result in negative social and environmental impacts that need to be addressed. 

It’s important for governments and private groups to talk to the people who will be affected and make sure that their rights and interests are taken into account.

How Can Mortgage Banks Help You Become A Landlord (Detailed)

7 Ways To Verify Genuine Lands in Epe, Lagos

What Is A Real Estate Mother Deed Document + 5 Major Facts

Extensive Review Of Lekki Gardens Estate + House Listings